What is lactose and why is it important for infants and young children?

Lactose is the primary carbohydrate of breastmilk and is also found in cows’, goats’ and sheep milk.1

Lactose is a disaccharide and is comprised of the simple sugars, glucose and galactose.1 Lactose is an important energy source for infants and assists in the absorption of minerals such as calcium.1